Repurchase Agreement Government Securities
By : Nicole -
The deposit market is an important source of money for large financial institutions in the non-deposit banking sector, which can compete with the traditional bank deposit sector in its size. Large institutional investors, such as money funds, lend money to financial institutions such as investment banks, either in exchange (or through secured guarantees), such as government bonds and mortgage-backed securities held by borrowing financial institutions. It is estimated that $1 trillion a day of guarantees are being implemented in U.S. pension markets.   In general, credit risk associated with pension transactions depends on many factors, including the terms of the transaction, the liquidity of the security, the specifics of the counterparties concerned and much more. Mr. Robinhood. “What are the near and far legs in a buyout contract?” Access on August 14, 2020. Under a pension contract, the Federal Reserve (Fed) buys U.S. Treasury bonds, U.S. agency securities or mortgage-backed securities from a primary trader who agrees to buy them back within one to seven days; an inverted deposit is the opposite. This is how the Fed describes these transactions from the perspective of the counterparty and not from its own point of view.
Fed officials concluded that the dysfunction of the very short-term credit markets could be due to an excessive contraction of their balance sheets and responded by announcing plans to purchase about $60 billion of short-term treasury bills per month for at least six months, essentially increasing the supply of reserves in the system. The Fed was no longer happy to say that this was not a new round of quantitative easing (QE). However, some financial markets are skeptical, as quantitative easing has eased monetary policy by expanding the balance sheet and new purchases have the same effect. Liquidity hedging rate (LCR) and internal stress tests at the bank. The LCR requires banks to have sufficient liquid resources to guarantee short-term and short-term debt. Some observers have indicated that the LCR is resulting in an increase in demand for reserves. However, past and present regulatory authorities point out that the CRA probably did not contribute to the volatility of the repo market, as treasury bills and reserves for the definition of high-quality liquid assets are treated on the same level in the regulation. In mid-September 2019, two events coincided to increase the demand for liquidity: quarterly corporate taxes were due and this was the date of settlement of previously auctioned Treasury bills.
The result is a significant transfer of reserves from the financial market to the state, which has led to a disparity between demand and supply of reserves. But these two expected developments do not fully explain the volatility of the pension market. Treasury or treasury bonds, corporate and treasury bonds, government bonds and equities can all be used as “guarantees” in a repurchase transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities is transferred from the seller to the buyer.